SHF land in R&R need
Vietnam is the world’s second biggest producer
‘000 hectares, 2014
Global & region
2nd in world
1st in Asia
‘000 tons, 2014
~30% of total land is in need of R&R
The primary threat to Vietnamese trees are pests such as Nematodes. Trees are relatively young given a recent/ongoing national renovation effort. Farmers generally make use of GAP.
Tons per hectare
Vietnam already has high yields
Total national supply could increase ~1-2% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) The current yield is calculated on the basis of SHF production divided by SHF land area, the potential yield uplift comes from the GCP study on Vietnam: GCP, Vietnam: GCP: Economic Viability of Coffee farming, 2017;
(2) Estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 10%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate;
(3) See the GCP source listed in (1) for more detail on this. Sources: FAOstat, Coffee production and land under coffee, 2014; ICO production statistics; Dalberg interviews
SHFs have strong links to market
National production is dominated by SHFs
The vast majority of SHFs are in tight value chains with close and stable links to market. There is a high degree of competition among collectors and exporters creating stable links for SHFs.
(other estimates as high as 800k) - 3-4% of global SHFs1
# SHF land
(~95% of national land – average farm size: ~ 1 hectare)
# SHF production
(~80% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
Only 10% of SHFs are organized in coops, which have not been successful so far.
Links to market
Strong links to market through a competitive sector.
(1) Assuming a global SHF population of 20 million; (2) The sector was previously controlled by a national (monopolistic) coffee cooperative. Sources: FAOstat, Coffee production and land under coffee, 2014; ICO production statistics; Dalberg interviews
The Vietnamese government is the main actor in supporting farmers
Government of Vietnam and world Bank - VnSAT – Rejuvenation in the Central Highlands
Government led program, supported by the world Bank, to replant 90,000 hectares and transplant 30,000 hectares in 5 regions in the Central Highlands. The cost of the project is estimated at USD 314 million
Nestlé – Coffee replanting
Nestle partnered with the Western Highlands Agro-Forestry Scientific and Technical Institute (WASI) to distribute free seedlings to replant 270 hectares
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.