SHF land in R&R need
Uganda is Africa’s 2nd biggest producer
‘000 hectares, 2014
Global & region
10th in world
2nd in Africa
‘000 tons, 2014
~75% of total land is in need of R&R
Coffee trees in Uganda are on average 50 years old. Most of them would require renovation or intensive rehabilitation alongside with GAP.
Tons per hectare
Significant potential for SHFs and national supply
Total national supply could increase ~15-55% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) The current yield is calculated on the basis of SHF production divided by SHF land area, the potential yield uplift comes from the GCP study on Uganda: GCP, Uganda: GCP: Economic Viability of Coffee farming, 2017 – this study cites an average SHF yield of 0.625 tons/hectare;
(2) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 86%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Sources: FAOstat,Coffee production and land under coffee, 2014; ICO production statistics; Deloitte, Uganda Economic Outlook 2016: The story behind the numbers, 2016
Most SHFs are at the bottom of the pyramid
National production is dominated by SHFs
SHFs are predominately in loose value chains or weakly connected value chains, with unstable links to market. There are few (well functioning)aggregation points for farmers.
(~6-9% of global SHFs1)
# SHF land
(~95% of national land) – average farm size ~0.2-0.4 ha)
# SHF production
~90% of national production
Assessment of SHF orgs.
Coops are few and far in between and typically have low capacity.
Links to market
Sector is dominated by private sector agents and brokers at the aggregator level.
(1) Assuming a global SHF population of 20 million – estimates of farmers are high-level only and vary significantly;
(2)According to UCDA in Daily Monitor, Low consumption affecting Uganda coffee prices, incomes, 2016. Source: GCP, Uganda: GCP: Economic Viability of Coffee farming, 2017; FAOstat, Coffee production and land under coffee, 2014; ICO production statistics; Deloitte, Uganda Economic Outlook 2016: The story behind the numbers, 2016
No direct R&R programs were observed, but HRNS has been working on systemic capacity building
HRNS – Building Coffee Farmers’ Alliances in Uganda
The project sought to improve livelihoods of coffee SHF through improved coffee production and increased revenues. The first step was to aggregate producers into organized groups. The project also created the apex organization “Uganda Coffee Farmers Alliance (UCFA)”.
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.