SHF land in R&R need
Tanzania is Africa’s fourth biggest producer
‘000 hectares, 2014
Global & region
16th in world
4th in Africa
‘000 tons, 2014
~70% of total land is in need of R&R
Need is primarily driven by old trees (50-70 years in some places) and bad current practices, and to a lesser extent disease exposure.
Tons per hectare
Significant uplift potential given low current SHF yields
Total national supply could increase ~15-50% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) The current yield is calculated on the basis of SHF production divided by SHF land area, the potential yield uplift comes from the GCP study on Tanzania: GCP, Tanzania: GCP: Economic Viability of Coffee farming, 2017;
(2) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 80%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Sources: FAOstat, Coffee production and land under coffee, 2014; ICO production statistics; GCP, African coffee sector: Addressing national investment agendas on a continental scale: Tanzania case study, 2016; USDA, Annual Coffee report, 2016; Dalberg interviews
Most SHFs are at the bottom of the pyramid
National production is dominated by SHFs
The majority of SHFs are either in loose value chains or weakly connected value chains, with unstable links to market. SHF orgs. are generally mismanaged and lack capacity
(2% of global SHFs1)
# SHF land
(~90% of national land) – farm size typically <3 hectares (and even <1 hectare))
# SHF production
(~90% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
Nascent coop sector that has historically underperformed – ~50% of SHFs are linked to coops.
Links to market
SHFs have loose and weak links to market.
(1) Assuming a global SHF population of 20 million – other estimates cite 2.4 million farmers in Tanzania, though this might include families relying on income from coffee. We have included the number in the range of 2-12%);
(2) The sector was previously controlled by a national (monopolistic) coffee cooperative. Sources: GCP, Tanzania: GCP: Economic Viability of Coffee farming, 2017. FAOstat, Coffee production and land under coffee, 2014; GCP, African coffee sector: Addressing national investment agendas on a continental scale: Tanzania case study, 2016; USDA, Annual Coffee report, 2016; Dalberg interviews
Past R&R programs have focused on increasing adoption of GAP and building SHF organization capacity
Gates Foundation – The Coffee Partnership of Tanzania
The program provides training on farmer group formation and GAP, but does not include an integrated R&R package with planting material and finance.
Technoserve – Coffee initiative
Focus on training farmers to increase GAP, including rehabilitation techniques. The program has reached more than 250,000 SHFs across Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, and Tanzania.
HRNS – Tanzania Program
The program focuses on increasing coffee production for 25,000 farmers in Northern Tanzania via better practices, and building commercial farmer organizations.
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.