SHF land in R&R need
PNG is the 5thlargest producer in Asia
‘000 hectares, 2014
Global & region
16th in world
5th in Asia
‘000 tons, 2014
~90% of total land is in need of R&R
Need is primarily driven by old trees and bad current practices. The recent outbreak of Coffee Berry Borer, an endemic beetle, increases the R&R need.
Tons per hectare
Uplift potential: Significant uplift potential given low current SHF yields
Total national supply could increase ~20-90% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R3
(1) No formal mapping of coffee growing areas in the country has been undertaken. FAO data is highly uncertain and land under coffee is likely to be underestimated.
(2) The current yield is calculated on the basis of SHF production divided by SHF land area. Given that coffee growing area is likely underestimated, SHF yields are likely estimated too high. (3) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 100%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Our interviews suggest very low yields that could be doubled. Source: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; Daniel Giovanni and John Hunt, Papua New Guinea: Strategic Assessment of the Coffee Sector, 2009; CIC, The Papua New Guinea Coffee Handbook, 2016; Dalberg Interview
Most SHFs are at the bottom of the pyramid
National production is dominated by SHFs
The majority of SHFs are in disconnected value chains, with weak and erratic links to market. SHF orgs. are generally mismanaged and lack capacity.
There is no population census, hence high uncertainty on the number of SHFs
# SHF land
(~90% of national land) – farm size typically <1 hectare)
# SHF production
(~95% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
Weak and under performing coop sector – ~5% ofSHFs are linked to coops.
Links to market
SHFs have no formal links to market and selltheir unprocessed coffee in road markets.
Past government R&R programs were mostly unsuccessful
CIC and Government - Industry-wide renovation pruning
The purpose of the program was to increase productivity, but, according to interviews and observes, the program was mismanaged and achieved poor results.
Government - National Agriculture Development Plan
The program aimed at “Injecting new life” into agriculture and the coffee sector, but was mismanaged and abandoned after five years.
The world Bank - Productive Partnership in Agriculture
The purpose of the program is to improve the livelihoods of coffee and cocoa SHFs through improved productivity. To date, the program has focused more on cocoa renovation.
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.