SHF land in R&R need
Kenya is a significant regional producer
Global & region
18th in world
5th in Africa
~60% of total land is in need of R&R
Need is primarily driven by old trees(50-70 years in some places) and bad current practices. To a lesser extent, R&R need is driven by disease exposure (Coffee Wilt Disease) and by climate change in the Western part of the country.
Tons per hectare
High potential for SHF yield increase, though little impact
Total national supply could increase ~10-30% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) Average yield is calculated as the total SHF production divided by the total SHF land. The potential yield improvement is estimated by GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017;
(2) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 65%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Source: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; Kenya Agricultural & Livelstock Research Organization; Coffee Development Fund, Financing Smallholder Coffee Farmers in Kenya, 2011; Republic of Kenya, Report of the National Task Force on Coffee Sub-Sector Reforms, 2016; Dalberg Interview
Most SHFs are in tight value chains
National production is dominated by SHFs
The majority of SHFs are members of coops, and therefore included in tight value chains.
~3.5% of global SHFs1. SHFs are progressively replacing large plantations
# SHF land
(~75% of national land) – farm size typically ~0.1-0.5 hectares
# SHF production
(~60% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
Strong coop movement, but high level of mismanagement. ~100% of SHFs are linked to coops.
Links to market
Coops links the overwhelming majority of SHFs to markets.
(1) Assuming a global SHF population of 20 million.
(2) The Coffee Development Fund is a state corporation under the Ministry of Agriculture in Kenya, established in 2006 as a financing vehicle for revitalizing the coffee sector. CoDF provide long-term affordable credits to farmers organized into cooperatives. Source: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; Kenya Agricultural & Livelistock Research Organization; Coffee Development Fund, Financing Smallholder Coffee Farmers in Kenya, 2011; Republic of Kenya, Report of the National Task Force on Coffee Sub-Sector Reforms, 2016; Dalberg Interview
Past R&R programs have focused on increasing adoption of GAP and building SHF organization capacity
TechnoServe - The Coffee Initiative
Technoserve trained roughly 12,000 Kenyan SHFs on the use of GAP and rehabilitation practices.
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.