SHF land in R&R need
Indonesia is the world’s second biggest Robusta producer
Global & region
4th in world
2nd in Asia
~70% of total land is in need of R&R
R&R need is driven by high age of trees planted in dense areas, and low adoption of good agricultural practices. Most regions in Indonesia are projected to remain suitable for coffee growing in light of climate change.
Tons per hectare
Significant potential to increase yield and national supply
Total national supply could increase ~10-50% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) Average yield is calculated as the total SHF production divided by the total SHF land. The potential yield improvement is estimated by GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017;
(2) Assuming an 88% yield uplift from R&R and a 25-100% success rate of R&R programs. Source: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017; Sustainable Coffee Program, Indonesia: a business case for the production of sustainable coffee, 2014; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; Dalberg Interview
Most SHFs are at the bottom of the pyramid
National production is dominated by SHFs
The majority of SHFs are either in loose value chains or weakly connected value chains, with unstable links to market. SHF organizations are generally mismanaged and lack capacity.
(~7.5-10% of global SHFs1)
# SHF land
(~95% of national land) – average farm size is ~1-1.5 hectares
# SHF production
(~80% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
Most farmers are unorganized and coops have littlecapacity to manage loans and provide technicalassistance (TA).
Links to market
Farmers sell their unprocessed coffee to aggregator.
(1) Assuming a global SHF population of 20 million – estimate on number of farmers is high-level only as numbers vary significantly.
(2) The Indonesian government mostly provides support to staple crop sectors, and in particular palm oil. (3) Information on the Peremajan Program is only available in Bahasa and might be incomplete. Source: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017; Sustainable Coffee Program, Indonesia: a business case for the production of sustainable coffee, 2014; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; Dalberg Intervie
Indonesia has been underserved by existing programs to date, and there is need for more engagement
FAO and the Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute – Nursery Program
The program encourages Javanese and Balinese female farmers to manage seed nurser
Kepahiang government - Peremajan Kopi
The objective of the program is to renovate 4-5 million trees in the Kephahiang region (Sumatra)
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.