SHF land in R&R need
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Guatemala is the 5th biggest Latin America producer
Global & region
11th in world
5th in LA
~70% of total land is in need of R&R
Need is primarily driven by old trees and exposure to disease (La Roya affected ~70% of coffee growing areas), and to a lesser extent climate change.
Tons per hectare
Moderate uplift potential on national supply
Total national supply could increase ~2-15% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) The current yield is calculated on the basis of SHF production divided by SHF land area, the potential yield uplift is based on an internal estimate based on other mixed countries and current yields.
(2) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 51%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Sources: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; FNC, Sostenabilidad en Accion, 2013; Santiago Silva Restrepo; Evaluacion de impacto de los progresos de renovacion de cafetales 2007-11, 2012; Risk and Finance in the Coffee Sector, The world Bank, February 2015; Dalberg Interview
Mosst SHFs are in tight & loose value chains
National production is dominated by SHFs
The majority of SHFs are either in tight or loose value chains. Most farmers groups do not have capacity to provide TA and finance to their members.
(includes SHFs <7hectares – ~1% of global SHFs1)
# SHF land
(~100% of national land) – average farm size typically ~2 hectares
# SHF production
(~98% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
~70% of SHFs are linked to coops or loosely organized groups.
Links to market
A majority of SHFs are linked to the market through coyotes, ‘loan sharks’ that charge extremely high interest rates.
(1) Assuming a global SHF population of 20 million. Source: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; GCP and Technoserve,Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017; Root Capital, Learning Report: the CFIR, 2016; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; IHCAFE, Programa de Asistencia al Pequeno Productor, 2017; IHCAFE, El sector café de Honduras: avances, institucionalidades and desafios, 2017; Dalberg Interview
Following La Roya, programs mostly focused on renovation of affected areas
Anacafé and USAID – Rural Value Chains project
Anacafé provided supported to farmer organizations to perform R&R. 129 organizations benefited from the project, over 3,000 hectares were renovated, and yields increased by over 60%
World Coffee Research - Seed Verification program
CR partners with local nurseries to develop genetic control of seed
Starbucks - One Tree One Bag
For each bag of coffee sold, Starbucks gives USD 0.70 to seed distribution to areas affected by La Roya in Guatemala, El Salvador and Mexico.
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.