SHF land in R&R need
El Salvador is a relatively little producer
‘000 hectares, 2014
Global & region
20th in world
10th in LA
‘000 tons, 2014
~80% of land is in need of R&R
Need is driven by exposure to climate change in most of the coffee growing areas, age of trees, and exposure to disease (more than 70% of coffee lands were affected by La Roya).
Tons per hectare
Significant uplift for SHFs, though little impact on supply
Total national supply could increase ~5-15% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) The current yield is calculated on the basis of SHF production divided by SHF land area. The potential yield uplift is based on an internal estimate based on other mixed countries and current yield.
(2) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 100%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Sources: USDA, El Salvador: Annual Coffee Report, 2017; Jimmy Sherfey, ‘Salvador’s Coffee Industry at a Crossroads’, https://dailycoffeenews.com/2016/01/06/el-salvadors-coffee-industry-at-a-crossroads/, 2016; International Coffee Organization, Perfil de pais cafetero: El Salvador, 2016.
Production is dominated by large farmers
40% of coffee farms are large estates above 70 hectares1. There are 81 large cooperatives, but they do not target SHFs, who are mostly disconnected or in loose value chains.
~0.1% of global SHFs2
# SHF land
(~30% of national land) – farm size typically ~0.5 hectares
# SHF production
(~20% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
HFs are typically not organized in coops.
Links to market
A majority of SHFs have loose and erratic links to market.
(1) A majority of coffee estates were parceled out into SHF properties as part of an agrarian reform in the 1980s
(2) Assuming a global SHF population of 20 million. Sources: USDA, El Salvador: Annual Coffee Report, 2017; Jimmy Sherfey, Salvador’s Coffee Industry at a Crossroads, 2016; International Coffee Organization, Perfil de pais cafetero: El Salvador, 2016, Ecuador Government, National Census, 2017.
Past R&R programs have focused on renovating areas affected by La Roya
Starbucks - One Tree One Bag
For each bag of coffee sold, Starbucks gives USD 0.70 to seed distribution to areas affected by La Roya in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Mexico
NCBA CLUSA - Coffee rehabilitation and agricultural diversification project
CBA CLUSA is working to improve the capacity of 50 cooperatives and 7,500 SHFs to renovate 6,000 hectares.
World Coffee Research - Seed Verification program
2016 – 2020
CR partners with local nurseries to develop genetic control of seeds
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.