SHF land in R&R need
Costa Rica is a relatively small Arabica producer
‘000 hectares, 2014
Global & region
14th in world
7th in LA
‘000 tons, 2014
~75% of land is in need of
Need is mostly driven by high age of trees (75% of trees have passed peak productivity), but also La Roya (affects 40% of trees) and climate change.
Tons per hectare
Significant uplift for SHFs, though little impact on supply.
Total national supply could increase ~10-50% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) The current yield is based on a specific estimate from the Coffee Institute of Costa Rica (ICAFE) and does not correspond to a manual calculation of SHF production divided with SHF land.
(2) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 100%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Sources: Dalberg interviews.
Production is dominated by strong SHFs
National production is dominated by SHFs in tight value chains
Around 45% of SHFs are connected to coops and micro-mills. Farmer organizations are well run and help to conduct R&R. Farmers receive support to market efficiently through Banking System for Development.
~0.5% of global SHFs
# SHF land
(~97% of national land) – farm size typically ~3 hectares1
# SHF production
(~60% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
SHFs are typically organized in coops and micro-mills.
Links to market
A majority of SHFs have strong links to market.
(1) Again, these are specific estimates from ICAFE that do not correspond with the FAO 2014 total production and land numbers on the previous page. Sources: USDA, Costa Rica's coffee production expected to decline in 2012- 2013, 2013; Dalberg interviews.
There has been a national replanting program in Costa Rica in recent years
National Program for Coffee Plantation Renewal (PNRC)
National replanting program with objective to replant 16,000 hectares, with funding of USD 81 million. Only 16% of objective was achieved
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.