SHF land in R&R need
Colombia is the world’s 2nd largest producer
Global & region
3rd in world
2nd in LA
<10% of total land is in need of R&R
Most of the diseased and aged trees were successfully renovated. There is not a strong case for R&R in Colombia
Tons per hectare
Uplift potential: Low uplift potential given high current SHF yields1
Total national supply could increase ~0-0.5% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2
(1) The current yield is calculated on the basis of SHF production divided by SHF land area, the potential yield uplift comes from the GCP study on Colombia: GCP, Colombia: GCP: Economic Viability of Coffee farming, 2017 - The study estimates a potential 20% yield uplift reached through fertilization, pest and shade management and targeted rejuvenation. We use a 10% yield estimate for this study since we do not account for irrigation.
(2) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 10%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Sources: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017; Root Capital, Learning Report: the CFIR, 2016; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; IHCAFE, Programa de Asistencia al Pequeno Productor, 2017; IHCAFE, El sector café de Honduras: avances, institucionalidades and desafios, 2017; Dalberg Interview.
Most SHFs are in tight and loose value chains
National production is dominated by SHFs
The majority of SHFs are either in tight or loosevalue chains. The national coffee federation (FNC)has strong linkages with SHFs.
– ~3% of global SHFs1
# SHF land
(~85% of national land) – average farm size ~1-2 hectares
# SHF production
(~70% of national production)
Assessment of SHF orgs.
The FNC has a network of 34 cooperatives thatdeliver TA to their members.
Links to market
Many SHFs are linked to market through the FNC’s network of 530 buying stations.
(1) The Centre of Coffee Research was established in 1937 by the FNC, and has since remained under the management of the FNC
Past R&R programs successfully met most of the R&R need
FNC and the Colombian Government – Competitiveness and Permanency, Sustainability and Future (PSF) programs
late 1990s and 2009 – 2013
Through these two programs, more than 300,000 ha of land were renovated, both for SHFs and medium farmers.
There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.