R&R need in Colombia is low, since national replanting programs have already revitalized the tree stock, and current yields are high

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R&R Need

<10% of total land is in need of R&R

SHF land in R&R need

‘000 hectares

728,000 ha No need
68,000 ha R&R need

Most of the diseased and aged trees were successfully renovated. There is not a strong case for R&R in Colombia

Current SHF yield & potential uplift

Tons per hectare

Current yield
Target yield

Uplift potential


Uplift potential: Low uplift potential given high current SHF yields1

Potential increase in supply


Total national supply could increase ~0-0.5% if R&R and GAP is implemented on all SHF land in need of R&R2

(1) The current yield is calculated on the basis of SHF production divided by SHF land area, the potential yield uplift comes from the GCP study on Colombia: GCP, Colombia: GCP: Economic Viability of Coffee farming, 2017 - The study estimates a potential 20% yield uplift reached through fertilization, pest and shade management and targeted rejuvenation. We use a 10% yield estimate for this study since we do not account for irrigation.

(2) Rounded to the nearest 5%, estimate assumes that R&R and GAP increase yields with 10%, and the range reflects a 25-100% R&R success rate. Sources: FAO Statistics database; ICO statistics; GCP and Technoserve, Economic Viability of Coffee Farming, 2017; Root Capital, Learning Report: the CFIR, 2016; USDA, Annual Coffee Report, 2017; IHCAFE, Programa de Asistencia al Pequeno Productor, 2017; IHCAFE, El sector café de Honduras: avances, institucionalidades and desafios, 2017; Dalberg Interview.

Other Viability Considerations

  • Farmer share of export price is high at 85-90%.
  • Colombia coffee production performs at record levels not seen since the 1990’s, creating overall confidence in the sector. This high level of production could be maintained given that 74% of production is planted with rust resistant varieties, compared to 35% in 2010.
  • The Colombian specialty coffee market is booming, increasing the value added for producers.

Farmer Segmentation

Most SHFs are in tight and loose value chains

  1. Large & medium farmers
  2. Commercial farmers in tight value chains
  3. Commercial farmers in loose value chains
  4. Disconnected farmers

National production is dominated by SHFs

The majority of SHFs are either in tight or loosevalue chains. The national coffee federation (FNC)has strong linkages with SHFs.

# SHFs



– ~3% of global SHFs1

# SHF land

‘000 hectares


(~85% of national land) – average farm size ~1-2 hectares

# SHF production

‘000 hectares


(~70% of national production)

Assessment of SHF orgs.

The FNC has a network of 34 cooperatives thatdeliver TA to their members.

Links to market

Many SHFs are linked to market through the FNC’s network of 530 buying stations.

(1) The Centre of Coffee Research was established in 1937 by the FNC, and has since remained under the management of the FNC

Enabling Environment for R&R

  • Coffee share of GDP: N/A [Coffee share of exports: 7.2%(2015)]
  • Coffee institutions (FNC, Coffee Fund) are strong and wellorganized
  • Strong involvement of the Colombian government in renovation programs since the late 1990s.The Government and the FNC signed the “Coffee Prosperity Accord 2010-15” in 2009 and established an ambitious renovation program.
  • Cenicafe1 leads research on varietal development, and has developed several rust-resistant varietals.
  • Since 2011, Cenicafe has been providing seeds at commercial volumes. Cenicafe also established a network of private nurseries to ensure a sufficient supply.
  • SHFs have access to long term loans for R&R.
  • Public actors and local financial institutions such as the Colombian Ministry of Agriculture, Finagro, Banco de Bogotá, the National Coffee Fund (FoNC) provide finance to SHFs for renovation.
  • Coffee institutions provide extension services at national, regional and district level. However, these public extension services do not meet the demand and need of the SHFs.
  • Some cooperatives provide TA.

Examples of R&R programs

Past R&R programs successfully met most of the R&R need

FNC and the Colombian Government – Competitiveness and Permanency, Sustainability and Future (PSF) programs
late 1990s and 2009 – 2013

Through these two programs, more than 300,000 ha of land were renovated, both for SHFs and medium farmers.

Learn more and get involved

There is a lot of work to be done to ensure the long-term supply of coffee from countries where the crop has long shaped the social and economic fabric. Learning to extend the life of their trees and improve yields helps farmers stabilize annual production and in turn, income, while the rest of the world benefits from a steady supply of quality coffee. Continue on to learn more about the immediate attention and action that is required to make this a reality.